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AP Music Theory Classes Online

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About the Portfolio

At the end of the school year, you will submit a portfolio of your artwork for review.

Each of the three Art and Design portfolios (2-D, 3-D, and Drawing) has two portfolio components: Sustained Investigation and Selected Works. Each component demands you to demonstrate fundamental competency and a range of understanding in visual concerns and methodologies as defined in the AP Art and Design grading standards. Portfolio components are rated separately, and each contributes to the overall portfolio score, which is based on a 5-point scale.

Note: You may submit more than one Art and Design portfolio test in a given year, but each must be of a distinct type. Portfolios may not contain duplicate works or photos, and portfolios may not be combined. If you want to submit a portfolio for both Drawing and 2-D Art and Design, you must submit two distinct portfolios with two completely different sets of artwork, two unique inquiry statements, and your AP coordinator must order two examinations for you.

Portfolio Components

15 digital images 60% of Score

You’ll create a body of work that demonstrates:

  • sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • drawing skills


You’ll have to document in writing:

  • the inquiry that guided your sustained investigation 
  • ways your sustained investigation developed through practice, experimentation, and revision. 

5 digital images of 5 artworks 40% of Score

You’ll choose works that demonstrate:

  • drawing skills
  • synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, you’ll have to describe in writing:

  • your ideas
  • the materials you used
  • the processes you used
  • image citations describing the source of ideas or pre-existing works (APA or MLA formal citations not required)


Works may come from the Sustained Investigation section, but they do not have to. They may be a group of related works, unrelated works, or a combination of related and unrelated works.

Course Content

Recognize, comprehend, and describe the fundamental ingredients and processes of music. Listening to, reading, writing, and performing a wide range of music will help you enhance your skills.

Music Fundamentals I: Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements

You’ll learn how pitch and rhythm work together to become melody and meter and build musical compositions.

Topics may include:

  • Pitch and pitch notation
  • Notes and rests
  • Major scales
  • Major keys
  • Beat division and meter type
  • Tempo
  • Dynamics

Music Fundamentals II: Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture

You’ll build on what you learned in Unit 1 about pitch patterns and relationships in major scales, and apply that knowledge to minor scales.

Topics may include:

  • Natural, harmonic, and melodic forms of the minor scale
  • Key relationships
  • Intervals
  • Melodic features such as contour, register, and range
  • Texture types such as monophony, homophony, and heterophony
  • Rhythmic devices such as syncopation and cross-rhythm

Music Fundamentals III: Triads and Seventh Chords

You’ll build on your understanding of pitch relationships and begin learning the fundamentals of harmony.

 Topics may include:

  • Diatonic chords
  • Chord inversions
  • The qualities of 7th chords

Harmony and Voice Leading I: Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase

You’ll expand your knowledge of harmonic materials and processes and explore the procedures of 18th-century style voice leading.

Topics may include:

  • Soprano–bass counterpoint
  • 4-part (soprano, alto, tenor, and bass) voice leading
  • The conventions of 18th-century chord spelling, doubling, voicing, and spacing
  • Harmonic progression, functional harmony, and cadences
  • Voice leading with 7th chords

Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function

You’ll learn to describe, analyze, and create more complex harmonic progressions in the form of four-part (SATB: soprano, alto, tenor, and bass) voice leading.

Topics may include:

  • The use of predominant chords in a harmonic progression
  • Specific predominant chords and their uses
  • Cadences and predominant function

Harmony and Voice Leading III: Embellishments, Motives, and Melodic Devices

You’ll continue to explore the skills and concepts of harmony and voice leading.

Topics may include:

  • Types of embellishing tones and their use in a chordal framework
  • Motives and motivic transformation
  • Melodic sequence
  • Harmonic sequence

Harmony and Voice Leading IV: Secondary Function

You’ll build on what you’ve learned about harmonic relationships and procedures and deepen your understanding of keys, scale degrees, and chords.

Topics may include:

  • Tonicization and the ways to achieve it
  • Part writing secondary dominant chords
  • Part writing secondary leading-tone chords

Modes and Form

You’ll study the use of conventions that affect the character of music such as modes, phrase relationships, and forms.

Topics may include:

  • The seven types of modes
  • Melodic relationships between phrases
  • Commonly used sections of music such as introduction, interlude, bridge, verse, refrain, chorus, coda, and codetta

Why us for your AP Music Theory Classes?

At EduShaale, we take immense pride in our commitment to providing a truly personalized and 1:1 learning experience for each student. Our approach ensures that you receive not just education but individualized attention, targeted guidance, and a learning journey tailored specifically to your unique needs and pace.

Embark on a journey of comprehensive coverage of AP concepts with our program, featuring over 20+ hours of dedicated instruction. Immerse yourself in the subject matter, master essential topics, and build a robust foundation that goes beyond conventional teaching methods.

Recognizing that every student has a unique learning pace, our classes are meticulously paced according to your individual needs. This flexibility empowers you to grasp concepts thoroughly, ensuring a comfortable progression through the curriculum.

Homework assignments form an integral part of our program. Upon completing each unit, engaging homework is provided to reinforce your understanding and allow you to apply the knowledge acquired in a practical context.

We are unwavering in our commitment to ensuring that your doubts and questions are promptly addressed. Benefit from our unlimited doubt classes, providing you with ample opportunities to seek clarification and bolster your confidence in your understanding of the subject.

This invaluable opportunity allows you to analyze your performance, gain insights into your mistakes, and refine your test-taking strategies under expert guidance.

Collaboration among educators, students, and parents is pivotal for academic success. Experience the benefits of regular Parent-Teacher Meetings, where we discuss your progress, share insights, and address any concerns. This collaborative approach creates a supportive learning environment that goes beyond the ordinary.

Score A Perfect 5/5 on AP

We're so confident that you'll be happy with our coaching that we offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee.

P.S. We're currently offering a special discount to new students.